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Sports Injuries, Diagnosis and Treatment Guide.

Sports injuries are the general name given to injuries that occur during training. In general, sports injuries are caused by insufficient fitness, not sufficiently warming up, accidents, poor training techniques and inappropriate equipment.

The most common sports injuries

Fractures and dislocations,
Knee injuries,
Sprains and injuries,
Achilles tendon injuries,
Muscle crushes,
can be classified as.

Chronic and acute sports injuries

Sports injuries can be divided into two groups: acute and chronic. Acute injuries are sudden injuries that occur during exercise or competition. Bone fractures, waist injuries and foot sprains are simple examples of acute sports injuries.

Findings in acute sports injuries

Sudden and severe pain,
Swelling at the injury site,
Precision,
Abnormal posture in bone and joint,
Movement restriction or pain during movement.

Chronic sports injuries

Long-term pain during and after activity,
Joint stiffness characterized by rest.

I was injured; what should I do ?

Stop your activity from the moment you feel your disability. If you continue to exercise, you can do more damage to your body. Some injuries require a doctor’s control, while others can treat yourself.

When should I see a doctor?

Persistent pain, swelling, discoloration and numbness,
Hypersensitivity in the injured area,
Increased movement angle in your joints,
Crunches heard and felt with pressure under the tissue.

If your injury does not have these symptoms, you can treat yourself at home. Don’t forget! If your complaints increase, discontinue treatment at home and consult your doctor as soon as possible.

Home treatment

In order to reduce pain, swelling and improve quickly, we can translate 4 steps in English as RICE to rest, apply cold, compress and hold up.

Reduce your activity. If you have foot, leg and hip disability, you will be relieved to lose weight. In addition, using crutches for a while will accelerate the healing of your disability.

Apply 20 minutes of cooling sessions 5-7 times a day. To avoid cold burns, contact the cold compress with your skin. Towels will help.

Apply pressure In order to prevent swelling of the injured area, you can use an elastic wrap, air pressure garments so as not to slow down the blood flow. Your doctor will decide the best one.

Another way to prevent edema is to keep your injured limb or area above the heart level.

It is sufficient to support the injured area with a few pillows. Thus, blood pressure and fluids out of the vessel will be reduced.

Here you can find other applications that you can do to relieve muscle pain.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

NSAID-type medications you take with your doctor’s advice will reduce edema and pain. Aspirin, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen sodium are the most commonly used NSAIDs; acetaminophen, on the other hand, will not reduce your edema although it reduces your pain.

Inactivity

It is one of the most common treatments. The aim is to prevent the injured area from taking more damage.

Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation plays a key role in treatment. Step by step, various methods are used to strengthen the muscles and injured tissue to support the injured tissue. In addition, the scar tissue created as a result of disability is prevented from creating pain and stretching other muscles and tissues with rehabilitation.

What to do to prevent injuries

Do not bend your knees while stretching your legs,
Warm up and stretch your muscles before exercise
Choose the shoes that fit your sport,
Do not choose rugged tracks to run,
Find soft surfaces for exercises where you will come in contact with the ground, never use concrete asphalt.

For adults

Don’t consider yourself a weekend monster. It is a big mistake to try to fit your one-week activity into 2 days.
Try sports that fit your age and physical capacity. Get to know your body.
Gradually increase exercise intensity.

For families and coaches

In team sports, group your children by age and skill, not by age.
Force your children within their abilities, don’t overdo them.

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